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International Journal of General Medicine

 and Pharmacy (IJGMP)

ISSN(P): 2319-3999; ISSN(E): 2319-4006

 Vol. 3, Issue 4, July 2014, 1-6

 © IASET

 

 THE EFFECTS OF HEALTH IN THE CITY BASRAH THE USED OF BROADCAST AND

                INTERNET COMMUNICATION ACROSS TOWERS

        LUAAY ABDULWAHED SHIHAB & ABDULKAREEM SLEMAN KHUDHAIR

 

College of Nursing, University of Basrah, Basrah, Iraq

 

 ABSTRACT

 There is growing concern among the population about the effects that Environmental exposure to any source of "uncontrolled" radiation may have on the public health. The concern arises from the knowledge of a debate about the impact of electromagnetic and during our visit to some of the towers and was detected cases affected by pain in the head and increase the heart rate and bring down the cases of the fetus, and whenever increasing frequencies needles frequently influence.

 

KEYWORDS: Trans-Receive Station (BTS), Communications Services (PCS), Studio-To-Transmitter, ElectromagneticField (EMF), Tower, Wireless, Frequency Radiations (RFR)

 

INTRODUCTION

      Equipment’s used by human are rapidly increasing and researchers try to pass the limits and save time. Users mostly are not aware of the disinfections of electromagnetism field and frequencies on the sensitive body cells and tissues as well as on their children, while these frequencies may cause disinfections on the body cells (1) Basra province is one of Iraq's provinces and is the second largest Iraqi city, bordered by Kuwait and Saudi Arabia to the south, and Iran to the east, the border province of Basra to local shares with all of the province of ThiQar, Maysan, north, west and Muthanna. Basra is the port of Iraq, the sole, and the perpetrator of the main sea, as well as historical preservation oil fields rich, including Rumaila fields SAA, and Situated where located in the plains of Mesopotamia, the fertile, it is one of the main centers for the cultivation of rice, barley, wheat, millet, is also famous for breeding herds cattle. Located on the land of varying terrain between plain and mountain plateaus and desert. An area of 19,070 km2 and a population of about 3.8002 million people (according to statistics from 2009 and where the humidity is high and this leads to a somewhat weak signal and start up companies towers for frequent users of Internet and communications in Basra, where the number of towers erected by the companies to over 900 tower across Basra

 

SPECIFICATIONS OF TOWER

      Base Trans-receive Station (BTS), is very important part of GSM or CDMA architecture. It is used for transmitting as well as receiving purposes. It contains three sectors in it having 120o coverage angle each. Handover and handoff process is also occurred at this terminal due to which there is the transmitting and breakdown of calls occurred. It emits the electromagnetic radiations. All the traffic measurement are measured from this site (2). It needs a unique local authentication password to access all its data Due to the public concern on the installation of Communication transmission towers on the health effects from the exposure of radio frequency radiations (RFR), the assessment was conducted through literature works and we have proved the presence of health effects due to radiation from cellular towers. We cannot

 

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2                                                                                         Luaay Abdulwahed Shihab & Abdulkareem Sleman Khudhair

abandon the towers as they are the most component of the communication infrastructure (4). It is the people who need communication and thus towers are installed where users are. Different bodies worldwide and countrywide usually regulate the deployment of towers and their associated radiation. where the exposure limits has to conform with that of the European Standards for electromagnetic exposure limits has formulated a committee to assess the EMF radiation exposure There are many overlapping sources of radiofrequency and microwave emissions in daily life, both from industrial sources (like cell towers) and from personal items [cell and cordless phones, personal digital assistants (PDAs), wireless routers, etc. Published data on typical levels found in some cities and from some sources are available These towers are usually located on rooftops, towers and utility poles. The transmitting power of a cell phone varies, depending on the type of network and its distance from the cell phone tower. The power generally increases the further you move away from the nearest cell phone tower (9).

 

 

Figure 1

WHAT ARE MICROWAVES?

Microwaves are a specific category of radio waves that can be defined a Radiofrequency radiation where frequencies range upward from several hundred megahertz (MHz) to several gigahertz (GHz). One of the most familiar and widespread uses of microwave energy is found in household microwave ovens, which operate at a frequency of 2450 MHz (2.45 GHz). Microwaves are also widely used for telecommunications purposes such as for cellular radio, personal communications services (PCS), microwave point-to-point communication, transmission links between ground stations and orbiting satellites and in certain broadcasting operations such as studio-to-transmitter (STL) and electronic news gathering (ENG) radio links. Microwave radar systems provide information on air traffic and weather and are extensively used in military and police applications. In the medical field microwave devices are used for a variety of therapeutic purposes including the selective heating of tumors as an adjunct to chemotherapy treatment (microwave hyperthermia). Radiofrequency radiation, especially at microwave frequencies, efficiently transfers energy to water molecules. At high microwave intensities the resulting energetic water molecules can generate heat in water-rich materials such as most foods (3). The operation of microwave ovens is based on this principle. This efficient absorption of microwave energy via water molecules results in rapid heating throughout an object, thus allowing food to be cooked more quickly than in a

 

Impact Factor (JCC): 2.9545                                                                 Index Copernicus Value (ICV): 3.0


The Effects of Health in the City Basrah the Used of Broadcast and Internet Communication across Towers

3

 conventional oven Cell phones transmit and receive microwave radiation at frequencies which excite rotation of water molecules and some organic molecules, associated with thermal effects and non-thermal effects. The thermal effects includes headache, sensation of warmth or burning around the ear, burning sensation on the facial skin and alteration of the blood-brain barrier (8) we are all familiar with vibrations or oscillations in various forms: a pendulum a tree swaying in the wind the string of a guitar a wave has a wave has a certain speed, frequency, wavelength (9).

                          Speed = frequency + wavelength

 

RADIO WAVE

     The longer waves are radio waves, which extends to a length of about 100 thousand kilometers. And cosmic rays are the shortest they do not exceed 1 × 10 -16 of a meter linear (5). The wavelength ranges of visible light between 400 nm to 700 nm (14) Radio wave is a type of electro-magnetic field and existed in nature before man came into existence (13)

 

Table 1: Radio-Frequency Sources in Basra

 

RF Source

Operating

Transmission

Numbers

 

Frequency

Powers

of Towers

 

 

 

AM towers

540–1400 kHz

90 KW

15

 

FM towers

90–100 MHz

7 KW

15

 

TV towers

180–220 MHz

30 KW

10

 

Cell towers

800, 900, 1800 MHz

20 W

635

 

Wi-Fi

2.4–2.5 GHz

10–90 mW

225

 

ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION (EMR)

       Electromagnetic Radiation consists of electric and magnetic energy waves moving together through space at the speed of light (6). We are exposed to both natural and man-made radiation. The electromagnetic radiation may occur naturally such as ultraviolet light from the sun and as made by lightning. The EMR, generated artificially or man-made, are for fixed and mobile radio communication, radio and television broadcasting, radar and other innumerable applications (13).

 

EFFECTS CAUSED BY ELECTROMAGNETIC POLLUTION

        Electromagnetic fields of all frequencies represent one of the most common environmental influences, and EMF exposure levels of the population will continue to increase with technological The biological effects of electromagnetic radiation are studied through investigations and research such as numerical bio electromagnetic modeling, experimental (in vivo and in vitro) investigations and epidemiological studies (7).

 

When our visit to one of the sites in the city of Basra, which operate at frequencies microwave and when we met with two employees working on one of the towers and found that they feel some nausea and increased strikes the heart with pain in the head and during our stay in the tower became have faulty when conducting maintenance has been running the tower card is too high the accident at the top of the tower there is a bird and while operating fallen sparrow of his frequency of the radiation emitted from the broadcast tower on the ground and says the employee that all of does not lend itself from the tower because of the emission frequencies and also we visited another site also works on frequencies microwave and we met with three employees working on the imaging device pallet Mndhu long estimated more 10 years and its first employee, a woman, when she married at what is happening load drops child and constantly more than two children and a second employee and is also a woman not getting then download the final and the employee the third, a man


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